TonalityGUIDE - Tonal music basic theory for Undergraduates
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The anticipation literally anticipates a note that belongs to the next chord. Generally on an unaccented part of the bar and approached by step, it introduces a dissonance in a fairly unobtrusive manner and is found in many different tonal styles.

In the example below, the f#1 at the end of the first bar is dissonant with chord I but consonant with the following chord V. This consonance with the following chord is the defining feature of this embellishment. Occasionally one voice will anticipate a note that appears in another voice in the next chord.