TonalityGUIDE - basic tonal music theory and analysis for undergraduates
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Introduction to tonality More about the TonalityGUIDE analysis tool kit Clefs, note labels, intervals and transposition
chord identification understanding voice-leading style awareness

The ToolKIT, which is accessible from all pages of the site, outlines the three main analytical skills that aims to develop. It also links to a short introduction to the study of tonality as well as a reminder of some basics (note and interval labels, clefs and transpositions).

Understanding Voice-leading
introduction general characteristics interval succession resolution of tension embellishing progressions

introduction | unaccented passing notes | accented passing notes | appoggiaturas | anticipations | neighbour notes

The anticipation literally anticipates a note that belongs to the next chord. Generally on an unaccented part of the bar and approached by step, it introduces a dissonance in a fairly unobtrusive manner and is found in many different tonal styles.

In the example below, the f#1 at the end of the first bar is dissonant with chord I but consonant with the following chord V. This consonance with the following chord is the defining feature of this embellishment. Occasionally one voice will anticipate a note that appears in another voice in the next chord.

The Tonality GUIDE tonal music analysis tool kit
information and orientation as you browse around
chord identification
understanding voice-leading
style awareness

© Copyright Thomas Pankhurst

TonalityGUIDE - Tonal Harmony and Voiceleading - Table of Contents