TonalityGUIDE - basic tonal music theory and analysis for undergraduates
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Introduction to tonality More about the TonalityGUIDE analysis tool kit Clefs, note labels, intervals and transposition
chord identification understanding voice-leading style awareness

The ToolKIT, which is accessible from all pages of the site, outlines the three main analytical skills that aims to develop. It also links to a short introduction to the study of tonality as well as a reminder of some basics (note and interval labels, clefs and transpositions).

Style Awareness
Introduction Case Study One Case Study Two

Introduction & Handel Haydn Beatles

Melodic Dissonance in Handel, Haydn and the Beatles

Haydn String Quartet Extracts
Prominent accented unprepared dissonances (appoggiaturas) are one of the hallmarks of Classical writing. The underlying guidelines for dissonance treatment are the same as in the baroque but here they become an even more important feature of the style. Some people characterise the Baroque style as decorative and the Classical as dramatic and this certainly makes some sense with regard to the treatment of dissonance.

This appoggiatura is not prepared but resolves downwards and by step. Although you might find similar dissonances in a piece from the baroque era, the rhythmic emphasis given to this seventh would be quite unusual.

The first of these two dissonances is a double appoggiatura (in the violin and viola parts).

The Tonality GUIDE tonal music analysis tool kit
information and orientation as you browse around
chord identification
understanding voice-leading
style awareness

© Copyright Thomas Pankhurst

TonalityGUIDE - Tonal Harmony and Voiceleading - Table of Contents